Legal & Social Services

A case study of Iran\’s Child and Juvenile Court

In examining the charge of a 17-year-old teenager, the judge of this case, while observing domestic and international laws related to the rights of children and adolescents, based on scientific and professional theories in the field of child and adolescent psychology and counseling and issued a verdict in accordance with legal and international evidence.

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Regional Guidelines have much in common. Yet there is a need for Guidelines drawn from a global international perspective, to which people may refer whatever country they come from.

In domains such as health and social services as well as delinquency and crime policies, it is usual to distinguish between three levels of prevention. Primary prevention aims at avoiding the initial occurrence of a problem through strategies that apply to the population at large. Secondary prevention aims at avoiding the occurrence of the problem through more targeted interventions, directed at people who are identified as being at risk. Tertiary prevention aims at reducing recurrence amongst persons facing the same problem again, through interventions targeted at those who are being touched by the problem. In such spheres as delinquency prevention, child protection and similar areas, justice interventions aim at preventing recurrence of the problem and, therefore, are part of what is viewed as tertiary prevention. As they aim at ensuring the quality of children’s interactions with the justice system, including due respect for the rights of children, the Guidelines are part of tertiary prevention and do not impinge on the other two levels of prevention.


The Kampala Conference on Juvenile Justice: 2011 Conference Report

This report follows the outcomes of the 2011 Kampala Conference on Juvenile Justice, evaluating and proposing African Juvenile Justice Policies.

The Kampala Global Conference on Child Justice was aimed at bringing together justice actors globally and mobilising effective follow-up actions of national and international legislation policies and practices, with regard to implementing child friendly justice systems in Africa. The conference drew lessons from Europe, Latin America and Asia and foster learning for Africa.

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Guidelines on Children in Contact with the Justice System (IAYFJM)

This NGO report provides an extensive review of international reform history and opportunity to create a global child’s rights framework.

Prepared by an International Working Group of the International Association of Youth and Family Judges and Magistrates, this report provides an extensive review of international reform history and opportunity to create a global child’s rights framework.

“The International Association of Youth and Family Judges and Magistrates (IAYFJM) is an NGO (Non-Governmental Organisation) with consultative status at the Council of Europe and associated with ONU\’s Department of Public Information (DPI). It represents worldwide efforts to establish links between judges from different countries but also with other international associations working in the sector of the protection of youth and family. It promotes research on international problems facing the operation of the courts and various laws relating to youth and family.”

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